Lectors and Commentators

The Lectors and Commentators Ministry is for the lay faithful who are willing to grow spiritually and commit themselves to perform their duties and responsibilities specifically in the proclamation of the Word in liturgical celebrations. The Lectors and Commentators ensure that the Word of the Lord is accorded due meaning and significance for parishioners to lead a true Christian life.


Click on SAMBUHAY to prepare
for your assigned Sunday Mass

View SSAP Weekday LeComs’ Schedule

There are no Missalettes nor Sambuhay for weekday masses except for Simbang Gabi masses and other special feasts. Beginners may purchase a Daily Roman Missal or Pandasal from St. Paul’s bookstore or use iMissal app to create their own weekday missalettes for guidance by inserting the readings and psalms in this Order of Mass Leaflet. Take note, Sambuhay is to be used by LECOMS as a guide for the Order of Mass for the day but actual readings should be read directly from the Lectionary. SSAP Guide Book provides complete prayers with special instructions and guidelines for the order of mass.

Refrain from carrying your notes, missalette or Sambuhay to the ambo, insert them in a binder or diary.

Entrance and Communion Antiphons, found in the Sunday Sambuhay or missalette, are the same antiphons used for daily masses during Ordinary Times. Daily Entrance and Communion Antiphons for Advent and Lent Season or other special occasions can be found in the Daily Roman Missal, Pandasal or iMissal app since Sambuhays or missalettes are only available for Sunday masses and Simbang Gabi masses.

Scroll down for website links to the daily readings/psalms and helpful tips.


WE, the members of the LeCom Ministry, were chosen to proclaim the Word of God.

The Word of God is a GIFT to us, it is MOST PRECIOUS, not one word should be lost when we read it.

As Pope Francis has said: Find Good Readers for Mass

Therefore, WE MUST PREPARE to be an effective reader. If there is anything we need to ensure, it is that we COME DISPOSED and PREPARED to declare the WORD OF GOD. LECTORS have a sacred role of bringing the Word of the Lord to life. Christ is present through US in the Word of the Lord.

“We are not free to change prescribed postures to suit our own individual piety, for the Church makes it clear that our unity of posture and gesture is an expression of our participation in the one Body formed by the baptized with Christ, our head.”

To forget one’s self and be available at the disposal of the Master.

Matthew 16:24

Let us forget our own personal styles or preferences and follow the DIRECTIVES of the PARISH we CHOSE to SERVE and be proud of SSAP.

Let us show that SSAP LeComs are united in prayer and adhere to the given instructions on how we can, effectively, serve our assigned roles. Let us be uniformed, in the manner we carry The Book of Gospels, how we bow, ring the bowl, how we say “The Word of the Lord”, when to kneel and rise, to read our scripts from the lectern guidebook or taped notes on the ambo, word for word, nothing more-nothing less, avoid ad lib. If unsure, join a training session for new lecoms or contact our LeCom head.

follow his lead and special instructions, even if it goes against our quidelines. Let his voice be louder than yours, DO NOT COMPETE WITH HIS VOICE. Get to know our Pastoral Team by volunteering at different time slots or taking notes if you happen to attend mass with presider you have not served with. Notice if he reflects after homily or after distribution of communion, notice when he prefers the announcements read or if he does not end his opening prayers with the response in Prayers of the Faithful, or if he does not follow the Order of Mass for that week’s Sambuhay to allow you to know if you’ll have to be ready for the unexpected. Keep eye contact with your LeCom partner and the Presiding Priest in case he needs something.

How should we prepare?

Read the readings (all the texts you will read including the Gospel) several days, several times before your assigned mass.
Pray the reading.
Allow the reading to affect you. What is it saying to you. How does it make you feel.
Understand the reading with help from lectorprep.org
If necessary, listen to the audio version of the reading from this site: Audio version of Daily Readings and Psalms. Most importantly, speak to the Lord about it.

-Check the pronunciation or meaning of words you do not know.
-Before starting, look at the congregation to make sure all are seated.
-Know which words to emphasize and most importantly, take your time in reading and pause clearly, to allow the congregation to hear every word clearly and absorb the readings.
-Stress on “Word” and “Lord” when saying “The Word of the Lord”
-For more impact, you may want to memorize the first and last lines to allow you to make eye contact with the congregation
-read or pause in clusters of 4-5 words to slow down your reading
-Responsorial Psalms are meant to be sung so in the absence of a cantor or psalmist, read this part in a melodic manner.
-Alleluia before the Gospel and great Amen after the doxology are meant to be sung so sing these, if at all possible. As instructed by the Apostle St. Paul (cf. Col 3:16) Singing is the of the heart’s joy (cf. Acts 2:46) If you don’t feel confident singing, turn off your mic while singing to encourage the congregation to sing along with the choir. However, during weekdays, avoid any singing especially during Lent.
-Prayers of the Faithful are to be read the way you would say your own prayers to the Lord.


Forget One’s Self! Keep it simple.
LADIES: Prescribed LeCom robe that covers all of your inner clothing, including the neckline. light colored closed-toe shoes (if at all possible) preferably low heeled to avoid making noise, small/simple jewelry
MEN: Long sleeved Barong or white dress shirt, dark dress pants, dark dress shoes

Come at least 20 minutes before your assigned mass to make these necessary preparations:
As Sunday Commentator:
-check microphone if working and make height adjustment while it is “off”
-coordinate special instructions between presider and lector, choir/cantor and lector, etc., make sure mass runs smoothly.
-ask presider when he prefers announcements are read or how he wants to be introduced, if a new or visiting priest allow him to write down his name.
-assign (properly dressed) gift offerors
-ask the choir/cantor, if any:
which “Alleluia” they are singing (preferably no other lyrics besides Alleluia so as to allow us to lead the congregation in reciting the verse before the Gospel) and ask which prayers they will sing to prepare you to omit recitation of those prayers.
-if choir is “Coro de San Antonio”, inform Lector to omit reading entire Responsorial Psalm and participate in mimic singing the response
-read the introductions, including commentaries and announcements, if any, so check the guidebook for additional inserts and review them before mass begins
-lead the congregation to sign of the cross before and after angelus, and all other prayers
-stay kneeling throughout consecration, rise after the great AMEN.

As Lector:
-check microphone if working – make height adjustment while it is “off”
-check if ambo has the current Sambuhay and if Daily Missal/Lectionary is on the correct page or readings and any other prayers needed are there. Otherwise, request the Sacristan to provide them.
-check with the commentator if the choir/cantor, if any, will sing the psalms aside from the responses for the Responsorial Psalm and what version of Alleluia will be sung to determine if you should read the verse before the Gospel. If the Alleluia has other lyrics besides Alleluia (or Praise to you Lord Jesus Christ), it is NOT necessary to read the Verse before the Gospel.
-prepare to read the Readings, Psalms, Verse before the Gospel, if needed and Prayers of the Faithful
-Put away the Lectionary on the ambo shelf to make way for Book of Gospels brought by Presider for the Gospel reading
-Prayers of Faithful should be completed, step down after “Amen”
-Close Book of Gospels before leaving ambo


Ringing of the Bowl after Pre-Mass Announcement:
Read the pre-mass announcement all at once, from preparatory to moment of silence all at once ending with the ringing of the bowl.
In striking the bowl, aim for the tip of the bowl and use this rhythm…bong 23456, bong 23456, bong 23456 or wait for the reverberation of the sound to die down before you strike it again.

USE your PINKY to support the bottom of the book to keep it sliding from your grip. Raise it high enough to SHOW your FACE, SMILE OR SING! SHOW HOW HAPPY YOU ARE that YOU HAD THE HONOR OF CARRYING IT.

In SSAP, we use a PROFOUND bow
Bow your upper body with hands together
-As soon as we come out of lector’s PEW, bow to the altar table before walking up to the AMBO, but as soon as we step down from the ambo, we bow facing the ALTAR TABLE (whether or not Book of Gospels is there).
-BEFORE we PICK UP the Book of Gospels from the Altar Table:
as a Sunday LECTOR, before we join the PROCESSION line, walk up to the Altar Table where the BOOK OF GOSPELS is on a stand. BEFORE we pick up the BOOK from the altar table, stop A FOOT away and bow with your SIDE to the congregation.
-AFTER setting Book of Gospels on the Altar Table, from the processional line. While carrying the Book of Gospels in the procession line, the lector is the only one who does not stop at the foot of the steps like the rest, you are the only one who walks all the way up to the altar table to set the BOOK OF GOSPELS on its stand but once you have set the book on the stand, pls remember to STEP ASIDE a few feet from the Altar Table until you have the presider in your peripheral vision and with your SIDE to the congregation, BOW IN SYNC with the presider and other lay ministers/altar servers, INCLUDING COMMENTATOR.

Let us stick to the script! NOTHING MORE, NOTHING LESS! WORD FOR WORD. Good afternoon! WE WELCOME YOU…. it is NOT with BROTHERS AND SISTERS! and when we end with the introduction of our presider’s name, INTRODUCE HIS NAME IN FULL with OFM!

5 sec before THE WORD OF THE LORD
5 sec after THANKS BE TO GOD
10 sec before “To Honor the Gospel, pls rise”
10-15 sec (depending on congregation if most are looking up) for personal intentions in Prayers of the Faithful.

ANTIPHON: Read this only if there is no singing with the music during entrance procession and communion. If choir was late for LeCom to coordinate with, then they should know that if the LeCom has read the communion antiphon, they should OMIT songs with lyrics. The Music Ministry should pick choirs or cantors who have attended formation to be aware of these instructions.

OMIT: unnecessary instructions like sit, kneel, stand and announcing headings like First Reading, Responsorial Psalm, etc.


HAND GESTURE: Use of one or both hands in place of verbal instruction for the congregation to RISE after WASHING OF THE HANDS as Presider starts to say “Pray brethren…”

Be aware of the changes for the applicable liturgical season:

-Gloria is omitted until the Christmas Season.
-Daily Antiphons can be found in Pandasal, The Roman Missal or iMissal app

-GLORIA is omitted
-“Alleluia” is replaced by “Praise to You, Lord Jesus Christ, King of endless glory!” SUNG or read before reading the verse before the Gospel.
-Singing is discouraged on weekdays but SSAP has recently made changes to this practice so we follow whatever is decided by The Worship Committee

-Regina Coeli replaces The Angelus for the 6AM, 12NN and 6PM masses until Pentecost Sunday.

-The “Lamb of God”, if not sung by the song leader, SHOULD BE INITIATED BY THE LECOM WITHOUT PROMPTING FROM THE PRIEST, as soon as the Presider is finished exchanging peace (reaches for the Host or breaks the Host) start reciting it.
-Gloria, Apostles Creed, Nicenes Creed, Our Father, and other prayers are usually initiated by the Presider and continued by the LECOM but if the Presider decides to recite any of these prayers in its entirety, allow the Presider’s voice to be louder while LeCom’s voice is softer but ready to get louder if Presider suddenly stops.

Holy Hour/Liturgy of the Hours:
We encourage all lectors who attend masses that include the Holy Hour or Liturgy of the Hours, pls. join in the prayers. Together with the mass, it constitutes the official public prayer life of the Church. Lectors of these masses should announce, “We invite everyone to join the Holy Hour or the Liturgy of the Hours.”

We need not look gloomy to show we are solemn. SHOW ENTHUSIASM THROUGH OUR FACE AND VOICE

Presider or Presiding Priest – a priest that leads the faithful or congregation in prayer, to give praise to God and celebrate the Eucharist.
Sacristy – Room in the church where a priest prepares for a service, where vestments and other things used in worship and other church furnishings, sacred vessels, including a Tabernacle. It is also where hard copy of missalettes or Sambuhays, Lector’s workbook, preparation prayer, guidebooks, Ordo and Lectionary are kept.
Ordo – small book, containing the liturgical calendar, found in the SSAP sacristy, for Lectors’ guidance on the day’s occasion and readings.
Ambo/pulpit – a raised stand but solemn and dignified, used by lectors and presiders for the Liturgy of the Word; it symbolizes the presence of the Word of God; where the SSAP sacristans set the Daily Roman Missal (for weekday masses), Lectionary (for Sunday masses), green book with prayers of the faithful and other prayers or announcements to be used.
Lectern – raised stand located on the congregation floor used for Sunday masses by the song leader and commentator, where the sacristans set the Commentator’s guidebook with the latest announcements.
Sunday Mass Lector or Anticipated Mass Lector – a Sunday Lector strictly proclaims the Word of the Lord; a Lector who reads the 1st reading, Psalms, 2nd reading and Prayers of the Faithful at the ambo.
Sunday Mass Commentator or Anticipated Mass Commentator – a Lector who coordinates between presider, song master or choir and co-lector, assigns gift offerors before mass begins, reads pre-mass announcements, introduction, commentaries, leads the faithful in the responses and prayers except those sung by Choir/Cantor and reads parish announcements before final blessing or as instructed by the priest/presider.
Weekday Lector – A Lector who performs both lector and commentator tasks during weekday masses (Monday until the Saturday noon mass).
Daily Roman Missal – book of all readings for all occasions and liturgical calendar year including antiphons, set on the ambo by SSAP sacristans for Weekday Masses used by weekday Lectors and Priest Presiders. See video on how to use it.
Lectionary – book of all readings for all occasions and liturgical calendar year WITHOUT antiphons, set on the ambo by SSAP sacristans for Lectors’ use for Sunday Masses.
Book of Gospels – a book of Gospel readings used by the Priest Presider for all Sunday masses (including anticipated masses on Saturdays). It is the book carried by the Lector in the processional.
Pandasal – book published by St. Pauls Philippines, containing order of mass and Liturgical readings and antiphons for every day of the year.
Sambuhay – dated missalettes published by St. Pauls Media, containing order of mass for Sunday masses and special occasions, particularly the prayers and readings to be used for the day.
Guide Book – a guidebook found on the lectern used by Sunday commentators, containing all versions of prayers and responses, used together with the Sambuhay.
Antiphon – a psalm or verse read by the LeCom after introducing the presider and before communion, IF there is no singing.
Verse before the Gospel – a verse read by ALL, lector, commentator and the faithful IF sung-Alleluia is NOT accompanied by other words.
Processional – refers to the entrance march of the entourage led by the altar servers, followed by the Eucharistic Ministers, followed by the Lector with the Book of Gospels held high, facing the ALTAR, and finally, the Priest Presider.
Recessional – refers to the march after the mass ends in the same order as the processional march only if the Presider decides to march.
Magnifikids – celebration of mass for children under the age of 7 years old, held at the parish center, 10:30 am Sundays

Helpful Sites
General Instructions of the Roman Missal (GIRM)
Official Website of Lectors and Commentators of Archdiocese of Manila
Daily Readings and Psalms
Audio version of Daily Readings and Psalms
Biblical Words Pronunciation Guide
Audio Bible Pronunciation Tool
Helpful Lector Preparation and Lector’s Notes Website
General Instruction for Serving at Mass
English Pronunciation Exercise
What are the Only Two Occasions to Look at the Congregation

We invite SSAP parishioners or regular churchgoers, who live/work in the area and would like to volunteer their time, to substitute for lectors who go on vacation especially during summer/holidays and for the early morning masses and Sunday tagalog masses.

Submit the following documents, signed:
New LeCom Commitment Form
New LeCom Personal Data Form
Baptismal/Confirmation/Marriage Certificate
Pls. submit completed forms with required documents to the attention of a LeCom chairperson and jeannieb@ssaparish.com.
We will respond to arrange the following:
-Meeting with a screening committee member and later with the Parish Priest.
-Attendance to both LeCom Basic Seminar and Doctrinal Formation.
-Schedule training and serve as co-lecom at a Saturday noon mass.
-Commissioning rites by our Parish Priest during a Sunday mass at SSAP.


2016 with parish priest, Fr. Reu Galoy OFM


2014 with current parish priest, Fr. Reu Galoy, OFM


2011 with current OFM Provincial Minister, Fr. Greg Redoblado with the afro hair.